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Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching$
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Jeff MacSwan

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027892

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027892.001.0001

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Movement Triggers and Reflexivization in Korean-English Codeswitching

Movement Triggers and Reflexivization in Korean-English Codeswitching

(p.37) 2 Movement Triggers and Reflexivization in Korean-English Codeswitching
Grammatical Theory and Bilingual Codeswitching

Daniel L. Finer

The MIT Press

Sentences displaying codeswitching between Korean (SOV) and English (SVO) can show either SOV or SVO orders. As in monolingual sentences, the SOV order correlates with the presence of a Korean verb and a case particle on the direct object, while the SVO order typically shows an English verb and no overt case-marking on the direct object (Lee 1991). The direct object can come from either language. These correlations and contrasts are attributed to the feature composition of the functional heads in the structures interacting with a right-branching merge structure. The Korean verb, for example, selects a KP, which is checked by a Korean v, which has an EPP feature that attracts the direct object to its Spec position. The English verb, in contrast, selects a DP, and the English v does not bear an EPP feature. Reflexive binding and wh constructions are also discussed, and here as well, the relevant items behave the same in either monolingual or codeswitched contexts, providing evidence for the lexical origin of syntactic variation (cf. Borer 1984, Borer and Wexler 1987, Manzini and Wexler 1987, among others).

Keywords:   Korean, English, EPP, word order, functional head, lexical parameterization, Codeswitching

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