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Similarity in DifferenceMarriage in Europe and Asia, 1700-1900$
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Christer Lundh and Satomi Kurosu

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027946

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027946.001.0001

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Similarities and Differences in Pre-modern Eurasian Marriage

Similarities and Differences in Pre-modern Eurasian Marriage

(p.439) 12 Similarities and Differences in Pre-modern Eurasian Marriage
Similarity in Difference

Christer Lundh

Satomi Kurosu

The MIT Press

The chapter summarizes the findings of the comparative and country-specific studies included in the book. In relation to the East-West binary, the EAP findings confirm the previous picture of general differences in marriage pattern and family system. However, when studied at the individual-level, great similarity in human behavior across study populations was found. When comparing ages at first birth instead of age at first marriage, the East-West divide diminishes considerably. Also, some potential determinants of marriage behavior like sex, age, or duration of widowhood influenced marriage chances in the same way, while others like co-resident kin or socioeconomic status indicated similarity in behavior given the differences in family system. In relation to marriage as the prime mechanism of the Malthus model, results give little support. In the European locations there was no marriage response to fluctuation in food prices in the lower socioeconomic status groups, and male marriage candidates from more prosperous families married earlier in all study populations.

Keywords:   marriage, Malthus, Hajnal, late marriages, early marriages, age at marriage, European marriage pattern, celibacy, universal marriage, individualism

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