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Pathways to PeaceThe Transformative Power of Children and Families$
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James F. Leckman, Catherine Panter-Brick, and Rima Salah

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027984

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

Structural Violence and Early Childhood Development

Structural Violence and Early Childhood Development

(p.233) 13 Structural Violence and Early Childhood Development
Pathways to Peace

Andrew Dawes

Amelia van der Merwe

The MIT Press

This chapter examines the influence of structural violence on early child development and the family environment. In contrast to direct violence, structural violence manifests as unequal exposure to protective and risk factors, inequitable access to the resources and services that could ameliorate risk and support positive development, and as unequal service quality. Similar to direct violence, it violates the rights of children and undermines the protective capacities of those who care for them. Insults to early development raise the probability of poor outcomes in the long term, including reduced capabilities for productive, prosocial, and peaceable citizenship. An essential package is presented of population-level, evidence-based services for young children and caregivers. Developed in South Africa, these services aim to reduce exposure to risk factors that compromise developmental potential, and to increase protective and promotive influences in those most affected by poverty. It covers basic services designed to promote maternal and child health and nutrition, stimulation for early learning, social protection, child protection, and the well-being of primary caregivers. Provision of these services is seen as a social good and should be available to all, particularly those affected by structural violence. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.

Keywords:   structural violence, early childhood development, rights of children, peaceable citizenship, child health, protective influences

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