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Pathways to PeaceThe Transformative Power of Children and Families$
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James F. Leckman, Catherine Panter-Brick, and Rima Salah

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027984

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

Ecology of Peace

Ecology of Peace

(p.27) 3 Ecology of Peace
Pathways to Peace

Pia R. Britto

Ilanit Gordon

William Hodges

Diane Sunar

Cigdem Kagitcibasi

James F. Leckman

The MIT Press

This chapter posits that positive, stimulating, and harmonious early childhoods can contribute to peace and human security, and that early life interventions can lay the foundations for conflict resolution and peace in future generations. These interventions can contribute to “peacebuilding” (actions that promote sustainable peace by supporting the prosocial skills needed for peace) as well as "peacemaking" through the enhancement of positive reciprocal communication within families, communities, and nations. This chapter reviews (a) the neurobiological foundations of peace, including genetic, epigenetic, hormonal, developmental, and social factors that shape young brains; (b) the importance of parenting and early learning for peacebuilding; and (c) the place that early childhood can play in bridging the gap between peacebuilding and peacemaking. Evidence suggests that change in favor of peace can be initiated not only from the top down, through official policies and agencies, but also from the bottom up, by supporting the physical, emotional, and social development of children and the well-being of their families and communities. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.

Keywords:   neurobiological foundation of peace, conflict resolution, peacebuilding, peacemaking, parenting

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