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Pathways to PeaceThe Transformative Power of Children and Families$
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James F. Leckman, Catherine Panter-Brick, and Rima Salah

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262027984

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262027984.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 05 July 2022

Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives

Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives

(p.131) 8 Comparative and Evolutionary Perspectives
Pathways to Peace

Dario Maestripieri

The MIT Press

This chapter presents a comparative perspective to help us understand the universal aspects of human aggressive and peaceful tendencies as well as their variation among individuals. Human aggressiveness has a biological basis, but it is neither necessary nor inevitable. Selfish, exploitative, and aggressive tendencies are more common in individuals with fast life histories who are exposed to early stress, violence, harsh parenting, or unpredictable changes in their environment. Comparative research on animal behavior can provide the theoretical framework for understanding the effects of early experience on the development of aggressiveness and peacefulness as well as elucidate some of the physiological or social mechanisms underlying these effects. The findings of comparative research are consistent with those of research in developmental psychology in indicating that a supportive family environment and positive experiences acquired during child development are important prerequisites for the creation of peaceful and resilient adults. Published in the Strungmann Forum Reports Series.

Keywords:   aggression, biological basis, peacefulness, biological basis, stress, violence, harsh parenting

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