Philosophers often exaggerate the powers of reason, particularly the capacity of initiating and sustaining deep deliberative (System 2) thought as well as powers of self-control and delayed gratification. Those exaggerations are a important source of confidence in moral responsibility. Many factors influence and inhibit the capacity for effective sustained deliberation. Among those factors are differences in self-efficacy, need for cognition, individual locus-of-control, situational influences, and ego depletion. Differences in those factors undercut the plausibility of basing moral responsibility on deliberative reason.
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