This chapter focuses on another key element of effective and legitimate earth system governance: the question of allocation, or differently put, of justice, fairness, and equity. It considers three ways of distributing costs and benefits of earth system governance: direct allocation through multilateral agreements, such as through international funds; allocation through markets established under international agreements, such as emissions trading; and allocation through environmentally motivated restrictions of international trade and investment. These three specific modes of resource allocation are discussed from the libertarian and egalitarian perspectives of justice. The chapter concludes by outlining three policy-related questions: the primacy of multilateralism over unilateral approaches in decisions on the (international) allocation of costs of actions; the strong appeal of the principle of equal rights for every person; and the most effective organizational setting for financial transfers and support mechanisms in earth system governance, with particular emphasis on the need to create a World Environment Fund that would ensure a fair allocation of the costs of earth system governance.
MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.
To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.