Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Econometrics in a Formal Science of EconomicsTheory and the Measurement of Economic Relations$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Bernt P. Stigum

Print publication date: 2014

Print ISBN-13: 9780262028585

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 01 June 2020

Empirical Relevance

Empirical Relevance

Chapter:
(p.69) 3 Empirical Relevance
Source:
Econometrics in a Formal Science of Economics
Author(s):

Bernt P. Stigum

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262028585.003.0003

Chapter III explains and illustrates what it means for an economic theory to be empirically relevant. A theory’s empirical relevance depends on the empirical context in which it is tested and on the explication of empirical relevance. In present-day econometrics the empirical context of a test is determined by the characteristics of the data generating process. Also, the theory is empirically relevant if and only if the test gives the researcher no reason to reject the theory. In formal econometrics the empirical context of a test is determined by a probability distribution of the data - the MPD - that is induced by the probability distribution of the theory variables and the bridge principles. Also, the theory is empirically relevant if and only if there is a model of its axioms and a model of the bridge principles that determine a model of the MPD that belongs to a 95% confidence band around a meaningful statistical estimate of the MPD. Examples from experimental economics, consumer choice, simultaneous equations, and choice among safe and risky assets illustrate the contrasting characteristics of the notion of empirical relevance in present-day and formal econometrics.

Keywords:   theory-data confrontations, upper data universe, lower data universe, empirical context, empirical relevance, data admissible MPD, experimental economics, consumer choice, simultaneous equations, safe and risky assets

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.