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Civic EcologyAdaptation and Transformation from the Ground Up$
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Marianne E. Krasny and Keith G. Tidball

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262028653

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262028653.001.0001

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Resistance, Remembrance, Revolt—and Resilience

Resistance, Remembrance, Revolt—and Resilience

(p.150) (p.151) 9 Resistance, Remembrance, Revolt—and Resilience
Civic Ecology

Marianne E. Krasny

Keith G. Tidball

The MIT Press

The adaptive cycle describes changes in ecosystems and social-ecological systems over time. It expands on older notions of ecosystems as moving from a pioneer or exploitation phase to a steady state or so-called climax or conservation phase. The adaptive cycle includes two additional phases—the release or chaotic phase after a catastrophic disturbance pushes a social-ecological system beyond a threshold, and the subsequent rebuilding or reorganization phase. Social-ecological systems resilience refers to the ability of systems to adapt or respond to small changes in the conservation (steady state) phase, and to transform once a system has crossed a critical threshold. Civic ecology practices can play a role in both adaptation and transformation. Panarchy refers to multiple adaptive cycles embedded in and impacting each other. For example, at the small-scale, a successful civic ecology practice may spur a municipal government to make policies supporting civic ecology practices in a process called “revolt.” And in a process called remembrance, a government that places restrictions on land use may limit the ability of civic ecology practices to be successful.

Keywords:   Athlone, Cape Flats, Resilience, Social-ecological resilience, Panarchy, Adaptive cycle, Sustainability, Nested ecology, Vicious cycle, Virtuous cycle

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