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Consensus and Global Environmental GovernanceDeliberative Democracy in Nature's Regime$
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Walter F. Baber and Robert V. Bartlett

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262028738

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262028738.001.0001

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Mapping and Developing Consensus for Global Environmental Governance

Mapping and Developing Consensus for Global Environmental Governance

(p.13) 2 Mapping and Developing Consensus for Global Environmental Governance
Consensus and Global Environmental Governance

Walter F. Baber

Robert V. Bartlett

The MIT Press

The linkages between society and the human environment generate normative challenges across at least three distinct dimensions: distribution and social equity, arrangements to institutionalize policy goals and objectives, and production of concrete plans of action. Deliberative democracy offers options for matching techniques to tasks. A process of juristic deliberation can identify widely supported normative principles and general propositions of law through adjudication by citizen juries of hypothetical cases involving environmental disputes. Deliberative polling, policy juries, and other minipublic techniques can identify and cultivate consensus underlying choices among competing policy models. Stakeholder partnerships can structure the kinds of social consensus needed for effective action, plans, and self-regulation. Deliberative democratic processes have potential to inform and legitimate environmental governance at each level in ways that respond to the challenges of ecological rationality, popular participation, and globalization. This model of deliberative policy development offers a coherent picture of a set of processes that lend concreteness and plausibility to the idea of consensus as a something more than a political ideal.

Keywords:   Consensus, Normative, Principles, Policy models, Action plans, Juries, Deliberative, Stakeholder partnerships, Minipublic

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