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Consensus and Global Environmental GovernanceDeliberative Democracy in Nature's Regime$
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Walter F. Baber and Robert V. Bartlett

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262028738

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262028738.001.0001

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Consensus, Consensual Federalism, and Juristic Democracy

Consensus, Consensual Federalism, and Juristic Democracy

A Governance System for Earth Systems

(p.161) 9 Consensus, Consensual Federalism, and Juristic Democracy
Consensus and Global Environmental Governance

Walter F. Baber

Robert V. Bartlett

The MIT Press

Both Westphalian nation-state sovereignty and majoritarian democracy are conceptual models and languages of discourse whose uncritical acceptance constrains the way the world is understood, blinding people to the advantages of other ways of structuring governance and democracy. There are promising alternatives. Deliberative democratic theory offers a coherent approach to using nonmajoritarian, microdeliberative techniques to identify and develop norms for global governance. A consociational-federal-consensual governance paradigm of democracy is far better suited to global politics than a majoritarian-unitary paradigm ever can be. Moreover, a consociational-federal-consensual governance system can be institutionally adapted to the present and likely future conditions of global environmental politics—making virtues out of some of the necessities of the human predicament.

Keywords:   Majoritarian democracy, Westphalian, Sovereignty, Consociational democracy, Federal, Governance, Deliberative, Consensus, Consensual

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