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Failed PromisesEvaluating the Federal Government's Response to Environmental Justice$
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David M. Konisky

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262028837

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2015

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.001.0001

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Evaluating Environmental Justice

Evaluating Environmental Justice

Analytic Lessons from the Academic Literature and in Practice

Chapter:
(p.117) 5 Evaluating Environmental Justice
Source:
Failed Promises
Author(s):

Ronald J. Shadbegian

Ann Wolverton

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262028837.003.0005

This chapter analyzes the difficult challenges that arise when considering the environmental justice effects of federal rules and regulations. It complements the discussion in Chapter 4 by examining a different part of the rulemaking process. Specifically, the authors identify five issues as being important in any analysis of distributional implications of a new environmental standard: the geographic scope of the analysis, the identification of potentially affected populations, the selection of a comparison group, how to spatially identify effects on population groups, and how exposure or risk is measured in an analysis. For each issue, the authors consider how it has been addressed in the academic literature, as well as in practice by the EPA as part of five recent proposed or final rulemakings completed under various pollution control statutes. The chapter concludes that, even though there has been a substantial uptick in the number of rules that consider environmental justice issues in their accompanying economic analysis, there remain significant analytical issues to resolve before this becomes a routinized practice.

Keywords:   Environmental justice, Rulemaking, Cost-benefit analysis, Distributional effects, Policy analysis, Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, Toxic Substances Control Act

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