Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Organic StruggleThe Movement for Sustainable Agriculture in the United States$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Brian K. Obach

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029094

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 09 April 2020

The Birth of the Organic Movement

The Birth of the Organic Movement

Chapter:
(p.27) 2 The Birth of the Organic Movement
Source:
Organic Struggle
Author(s):

Brian K. Obach

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262029094.003.0002

This chapter traces the early history of the organic movement, emphasizing three debates that would persist to the present: what specifically defines organic practices, the role of spirituality versus science in organic philosophy, and the relationship between organic advocacy and broader social issues. Early 20th century organic pioneers such as Albert Howard, Eve Balfour and Rudolf Steiner introduced this approach to farming in Europe. In the United States publisher J.I. Rodale trumpeted the cause and spread organic philosophy through his magazines starting in the 1940s, a time when industrial agriculture practices and the use of synthetic chemicals in farming were on the rise. Rodale built a small following, but organic remained fairly marginal until it attracted the interest of the counterculture in the 1960s. It was at this point that the organic cause began to take on the formal characteristics of a social movement.

Keywords:   biodynamic agriculture, back-to-the-land movement, The Soil Association, Sir Albert Howard, Lady Eve Balfour, Rudolf Steiner, J.I. Rodale, Organic Farming and Gardening magazine, Food co-ops, Communes

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.