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Disturbed ConsciousnessNew Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness$
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Rocco J. Gennaro

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029346

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.001.0001

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Self, Belonging, and Conscious Experience: A Critique of Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness

Self, Belonging, and Conscious Experience: A Critique of Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness

(p.103) 5 Self, Belonging, and Conscious Experience: A Critique of Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness
Disturbed Consciousness

Timothy Lane

The MIT Press

Timothy Lane offers a wide ranging commentary where he responds to Billon and Kriegel, Mylopoulos, and Gennaro. He also clarifies and further develops some of his influential previous work in this area. Subjectivity theories of consciousness take self-reference as essential to having conscious experience but they differ with respect to how many levels they posit and to whether self-reference is conscious or not. But all treat self-referencing as a process that transpires at the personal, rather than at the subpersonal, level. Working with conceptual resources afforded by subjectivity theories, several attempts have been made to explain seemingly anomalous cases, especially instances of alien experience. These experiences are distinctive precisely because self-referencing is explicitly denied by the only person able to report them: those who experience them deny that certain actions, mental states, or body parts belong to self. The relevant actions, mental states, or body parts are sometimes attributed to someone or something other than self, and sometimes they are just described as not belonging to self. The cases under discussion here include somatoparaphrenia, schizophrenia, depersonalization, anarchic hand syndrome, and utilization behavior. The theories discussed include Higher-Order Thought and Self-Representational. He argues that each of these attempts at explaining or explaining away the anomalies fails.

Keywords:   Alien Experience, Consciousness, Higher-Order Theory, Self-Representationalism, Somatoparaphrenia, Anarchic hand syndrome, Utilization behaviour, Schizophrenia

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