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Disturbed ConsciousnessNew Essays on Psychopathology and Theories of Consciousness$
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Rocco J. Gennaro

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029346

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029346.001.0001

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Altogether Now—Not! Integration Theories of Consciousness and Pathologies of Disunity

Altogether Now—Not! Integration Theories of Consciousness and Pathologies of Disunity

(p.227) 9 Altogether Now—Not! Integration Theories of Consciousness and Pathologies of Disunity
Disturbed Consciousness

Robert Van Gulick

The MIT Press

Robert Van Gulick explains how integration and unity play an important role in a number of current theories and models of consciousness. Normal consciousness is unified in a variety of ways but many disorders of disunity can also occur. What can we learn from them about consciousness and unity? What theories of consciousness might help us better understand the nature and basis of such disorders? Van Gulick first surveys the diverse types of conscious unity. He then briefly describes five theories of consciousness that involve integration, that is, Baars’s Global Workspace Theory (GWT), Tononi's Integrated Information Theory (IIT), Jesse Prinz's AIR theory (Attended Intermediate Representation), Tim Bayne's Phenomenal Unity thesis, and the combination of his own HOGS (Higher-order Global States) model with Virtual Self Realism (VSR). In that context, he discusses three specific pathologies of disunity -- neglect and extinction, dissociative identity disorder, and split-brains–and each is considered in relation to the integration based theories of consciousness.

Keywords:   Integration Theories, Disunity, Consciousness, Global Workspace Theory, Integrated Information Theory, AIR Theory, Higher-Order Global States, Neglect, Dissociative Identity Disorder, Split-Brains

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