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Artificial Chemistries$
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Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029438

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.001.0001

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Constructive Dynamical Systems

Constructive Dynamical Systems

(p.307) Chapter 15 Constructive Dynamical Systems
Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf

Lidia Yamamoto

The MIT Press

The most interesting aspect of systems is their birth and formation because it brings novelty into the world. How does such creativity, or constructivity work its way? We start by discussing the concepts of novelty, innovation and emergence generally in the framework of dynamical systems. We then turn to birth processes at the same system level before looking at the emergence of new entities at higher levels of a system. We conclude with a discussion of group formation as one intermediate step to the emergence of a new system level.

Keywords:   Birth processes, Branching processes, Causal slack, Classification of innovations, Collective fitness, Component fitness, Group fitness, Group formation, Major transitions, Multilevel selection

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