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Artificial Chemistries$
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Wolfgang Banzhaf and Lidia Yamamoto

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029438

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029438.001.0001

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Wet Artificial Chemistries

Wet Artificial Chemistries

(p.405) Chapter 19 Wet Artificial Chemistries
Artificial Chemistries

Wolfgang Banzhaf

Lidia Yamamoto

The MIT Press

We will first examine some possible ways to build wet artificial cells and their components, starting with alternative nucleic acids and amino acids. Alternatives to the existing genetic code are also pointed out. An overview of potential designs for artificial cells is presented next. The second part of the chapter looks at wet chemical computing, including computation with DNA and other biomolecules, reaction-diffusion computers, and computation with bacteria and other living beings. The chapter concludes with some thoughts about ethical considerations that must be taken into account when attempting to manipulate or even recreate life in the laboratory.

Keywords:   Artificial cell, Bacterial computing, Chemical computer, DNA automaton, DNA computing, Protocell, Reaction-diffusion computer, Repressilator, Synthetic life, Xeno nucleic acid

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