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Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex SystemsFrom Theory to Planning Applications$
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Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029568

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.001.0001

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Modeling in Support of Spatial Planning and Policy Making: The Example of Flanders

Modeling in Support of Spatial Planning and Policy Making: The Example of Flanders

(p.251) 11 Modeling in Support of Spatial Planning and Policy Making: The Example of Flanders
Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems

Lien Poelmans

The MIT Press

Flanders is a densely populated, highly urbanized region, with widespread urban sprawl threatening remaining agricultural and natural areas. Consequently spatial planning has recently become a pressing concern. A version of the integrated land use – regional activity model described in chapter 7 was adopted by the Flemish government to aid in formulating and assessing policies and plans. With 37 land uses in the CA and 22 Arrondissements in the regional activity model, it has been used to show the likely state of the region in 2030 and 2050 under Business as Usual and Land Take Neutral scenarios. The utility of the results is enhanced by means of a number of dynamic indicators. In order to handle specific immediate planning problems, the model was modified and embedded in a genetic algorithm based optimizing routine. In this form it was used to identify locations for new business parks in the province of Limburg; and in an interactive setting, it was used to assist stakeholder groups to locate nature protection sites as required under the EU Natura 2000 legislation.

Keywords:   Flanders, Urban sprawl, Spatial planning, Dynamic indicators, Optimization, Business parks, Nature protection, Natura 2000

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