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Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex SystemsFrom Theory to Planning Applications$
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Roger White, Guy Engelen, and Inge Uljee

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029568

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029568.001.0001

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Approaches to Modeling Cities and Regions

Approaches to Modeling Cities and Regions

(p.43) 3 Approaches to Modeling Cities and Regions
Modeling Cities and Regions As Complex Systems

Roger White

Guy Engelen

Inge Uljee

The MIT Press

The modelling of urban and regional structure has a long history, with the land use model of Von Thunen, the central place theories of Christaller and Losch, and the industrial location model of Weber providing the basis for the development of a mathematical location theory. For the most part, however, the equations could not be solved analytically without making unrealistic simplifying assumptions, so the results, like the concentric zones of the urban spatial structure models, were also unrealistic; one consequence was a shift away from mathematical modelling to inferential statistics and various postmodernist approaches. Another was the introduction of simulation modelling, especially of urban spatial structure, with agent based and CA based models being the preferred approaches. The models of Peter Allen, Juval Portugali and Izhak Benenson, Denise Pumain, Xia Li, and Keith Clarke are among the most important. The models of this book also belong with this group.

Keywords:   History, Location theory, Simulation modelling, Peter Allen, Juval Portugali, Izhak Benenson, Denise Pumain, Xia Li, Keith Clarke

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