This chapter discusses the aftermath of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It looks at how low-income-state consent was produced during the following years and how it transformed into the current emissions reduction framework that is both highly inadequate and inequitable. It argues that consent was produced through three interlinked processes: material concessions, norm alignment, and structural conditioning. Material concessions, in particular, have resulted in few substantive gains for low-income states, but they have been instrumental in securing the stability of the climate regime in the face of an escalating crisis of international climate change leadership. Overall, this analysis provides insight into the processes by which international environmental inequality has been reproduced in contemporary international climate politics.
Keywords: UN Framework Convention on Climate Change, low-income-state consent, emissions reduction, material concessions, norm alignment, structural conditioning, climate regime, international environmental inequality
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