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Division III of Heidegger's Being and TimeThe Unanswered Question of Being$
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Lee Braver

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029681

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029681.001.0001

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Metaphysics without Metaphysics

Metaphysics without Metaphysics

Chapter:
(p.39) 2 Metaphysics without Metaphysics
Source:
Division III of Heidegger's Being and Time
Author(s):

Alain Badiou

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262029681.003.0002

In this essay, Badiou traces the historical ‘opera of the end of metaphysics’, or anti-metaphysics, through four trajectories, or violences. First, Badiou considers the critical turn against metaphysics whose main trumpet is Kant. This trial inculcates a discipline of limitation and exposition of the transcendental categories of understanding. Next, Badiou examines positivism, as exemplified in the writings of Comte and early Wittgenstein who saw the discipline of mathematization to serve as antidote to the vague but theological and conservative power of metaphysics. Third, Badiou characterizes the historical trial of metaphysics as hermeneutics. Here, Heidegger serves as the key figure, whose work attempts to decipher the history of being in epochal diagnoses, against the devastation of the earth wrought from metaphysics and its final manifestation, nihilism. Last, Badiou sides with dialectics, and describes its practice through the motifs of Hegel, Lenin, Mao, and Lacan.

Keywords:   Badiou, Heidegger, Metaphysics, Positivism, Dialetics, Transcendental Philosophy

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