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Division III of Heidegger's Being and TimeThe Unanswered Question of Being$
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Lee Braver

Print publication date: 2015

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029681

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029681.001.0001

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On Being as a Whole and Being-a-Whole

On Being as a Whole and Being-a-Whole

(p.175) 9 On Being as a Whole and Being-a-Whole
Division III of Heidegger's Being and Time

Denis McManus

The MIT Press

This paper identifies a problem that Aristotle revealed and that Heidegger’s own insights, into the diverse forms that the Being of entities takes, exacerbated: the problem is whether there is sense to the idea of ‘Being in general’—‘Being as a whole’—and this is a problem because there not being such sense threatens the very possibility of the discipline of ontology. The paper proposes that Heidegger envisaged the project which a completed Being and Time would have carried out as an attempt to solve this problem. The project considers what the subject who intends ‘Being as a whole’ would have to be like; crucially this requires reflection on what it would be for that subject itself to be a whole; and we find such reflection in Heidegger’s discussion of authenticity. By looking in particular at his notions of ‘guilt’ and ‘Being-towards-death’, and the role that they play in identifying an ‘ecstatic’ form of temporality, we can identify a ‘horizon’ against which the authentic can be seen as ‘being-a-whole’ and as living in the light of an understanding of what might indeed be called ‘Being as a whole’.

Keywords:   Heidegger, Being, Time, Aristotle, authenticity, wholeness, death, guilt

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