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Becoming Human"The Ontogenesis, Metaphysics, and Expression of Human Emotionality"$
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Jennifer Greenwood

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029780

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029780.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 February 2021

Metaphysics and Mind

Metaphysics and Mind

(p.53) 3 Metaphysics and Mind
Becoming Human

Jennifer Greenwood

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on the intracranialist/transcranialist (individualist/externalist) debate in philosophy of mind. It begins by differentiating embodied, embedded and extended cognition (Extended Mind) emphasising the distinct metaphysical baggage of extended cognition. This construes the vehicles of cognition as extending beyond the skin and skull of the cognising agent; intracranialists strenuously deny this. Intracranialists accept that much of cognition is heavily scaffolded by extracranial resources but deny that they can be constitutive of cognitive systems. Indeed, they allege that transcranialists fallaciously conflate causal coupling with constitution in cognitive systems and that mind always extends unidirectionally, that is, as extending into world. Using Wilson’s (2004) views on context-sensitive realisation, both of these allegations are refuted. The chapter concludes with a comparative analysis of Rupert’s (2004) Hypothesis of Extended Cognition and Hypothesis of Embedded Cognition to press the transcranialist case.

Keywords:   Intracranialism, Transcranialism, Metaphysical realisation, Extended mind

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