Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Plantations and Protected AreasA Global History of Forest Management$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Brett M. Bennett

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029933

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029933.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 30 June 2022

Native Forests: From Multiple-Use to Protected Areas

Native Forests: From Multiple-Use to Protected Areas

Chapter:
(p.99) 3 Native Forests: From Multiple-Use to Protected Areas
Source:
Plantations and Protected Areas
Author(s):

Brett M. Bennett

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262029933.003.0003

This chapter examines how ideas about forest management changed from the nineteenth to the late twentieth centuries in response to the expanding idea of “naturalness.” In the nineteenth century, foresters dominated scientific research on forest systems. Some foresters began to criticize forestry management schemes because of their aesthetic and biological consequences. These criticisms expanded in the first half of the twentieth century as researchers in the fields of hydrology, wildlife biology, and ecology undermined key assumptions about forest conservation. The expansion of clear-felling as a harvesting method after World War II fueled public conflicts over the management of state-controlled forests in countries such as the United States, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, and India. Deforestation caused by economic growth in developing countries created controversy as well. In response to social pressure, governments in many countries began to set aside large native forests as protected areas that would preserve the biological and ecological integrity of forests. The decline of harvesting from protected areas was offset by the increase in plantation-growth timber domestically and globally.

Keywords:   Clear-felling, Ecology, Environmentalism, Endangered Species, Social Protest, Protected Areas, World Heritage

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.