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Plantations and Protected AreasA Global History of Forest Management$
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Brett M. Bennett

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029933

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029933.001.0001

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Toward a Twenty-First-Century Consensus: Problems and Possibilities

Toward a Twenty-First-Century Consensus: Problems and Possibilities

(p.141) 4 Toward a Twenty-First-Century Consensus: Problems and Possibilities
Plantations and Protected Areas

Brett M. Bennett

The MIT Press

This concluding chapter discusses how the forest management divergence is reshaping the production of timber and the protection of native forests. It challenges the suggestion that governments lock away the majority of native forests in protected areas while producing industrial timber almost exclusively from commercial intensive plantations. It discusses problems associated with the decoupling of production from protection, including the creation of “paper parks,” parks that lack adequate funding to actively manage ecological fragmentation; the threat of climate change and invasive species; and the decline of revenue from protected areas compared with managed forests. The chapter focuses on problems associated with intensive plantations, which have significant ecological and social impacts on the regions where they have been planted. It calls for an end to the forest wars, which have led to a loss of knowledge of forest management that will be necessary to manage large ecosystems for diverse purposes. The chapter concludes by suggesting that a middle path is more preferable than a total bifurcation. In order to do this, a more coordinated global program of forest certification and the regulation of cheap timber imports is suggested to make domestic forests more valuable and ensure their utilization is sustainable.

Keywords:   Plantations, Protected Areas, Free Trade, Climate Change, Invasive Species

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