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The Regulation of International TradeThe WTO Agreements on Trade in Goods$
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Petros C. Mavroidis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262029995

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.001.0001

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Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures

Chapter:
(p.455) 6 Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures
Source:
The Regulation of International Trade
Author(s):

Petros C. Mavroidis

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262029995.003.0007

This chapter discusses sanitary and phytosanitary measures under the WTO regime. These are measures that aim to protect human, animal, and plant life or health from risks arising from pests, toxins, or additives. These measures must be based on science and this chapter discusses what is required of the WTO member when running a risk assessment to establish that a risk will occur given specific assumptions. The chapter will review the ability to WTO members to unilaterally decide on the appropriate level of protection. Further, it will examine the requirement for adopted measures to be the least restrictive means to achieve the objective, that they are consistent across similar risks and applied in a nondiscriminatory manner.

Keywords:   Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, Risk Assessment, Appropriate Level of Protection, Least Restrictive Means, Consistent, Nondiscriminatory

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