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Environmental Justice in Latin AmericaProblems, Promise, and Practice$
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David V. Carruthers

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262033725

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033725.001.0001

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Tracing Race: Mapping Environmental Formations in Environmental Justice Research in Latin America

Tracing Race: Mapping Environmental Formations in Environmental Justice Research in Latin America

Chapter:
(p.24) (p.25) 1 Tracing Race: Mapping Environmental Formations in Environmental Justice Research in Latin America
Source:
Environmental Justice in Latin America
Author(s):

Juanita Sundberg

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262033725.003.0002

This chapter demonstrates the significance of environmental formations for environmental justice studies in Latin America, and why race is a key factor in determining human–environment relationships among countries of the continent. Race has become a key component of environmental formations, playing a crucial role in the formulation of a legal framework for the allocation of natural resources and patterns of environmental changes on the basis of overall political, economic context. The chapter reviews different interpretations of race and racism, describing the significance of each in the investigation of environmental justice in Latin America. It provides empirical examples from the ancient times to the present period, and demonstrates how attitudes toward the right to natural resources have traversed into the field of producing social and political distributions and determine membership in the national organization. The chapter also develops an approach and presents some deviations regarding environmental justice studies in Latin America.

Keywords:   environmental justice, legal framework, natural resources, racism, political distributions

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