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Environmental Justice in Latin AmericaProblems, Promise, and Practice$
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David V. Carruthers

Print publication date: 2008

Print ISBN-13: 9780262033725

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: August 2013

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033725.001.0001

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Grassroots Reframing of Environmental Struggles in Brazil

Grassroots Reframing of Environmental Struggles in Brazil

(p.74) (p.75) 3 Grassroots Reframing of Environmental Struggles in Brazil
Environmental Justice in Latin America

Henri Acselrad

The MIT Press

This chapter focuses on efforts to redefine environmental movements at the lowest rung of Brazilian society. Many associations have made efforts to redefine and reenergize these movements through neighborhood groups interacting with common people to increase awareness about environmental justice. In these initial stages, these associations haved addressed local issues and then moved on to bigger issues—urbanization, congestion, and pollution from industrial and construction activities. The environmental movement in the country is composed of two stages—the phase of protest and awareness efforts; and institutionalization and participation in public policy. It starts with efforts to protect the local environment and shifts to addressing greater challenges—hazards from excessive use of mechanical and chemical techniques in agriculture, and danger to the overall ecosystem.

Keywords:   environmental movements, Brazil, congestion, urbanization, public policy

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