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Disclosing the WorldOn the Phenomenology of Language$
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Andrew Inkpin

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262033916

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2018

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262033916.001.0001

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Coping with Language

Coping with Language

(p.199) 7 Coping with Language
Disclosing the World

Andrew Inkpin

The MIT Press

This chapter has two main tasks. First, it argues that Wittgenstein’s position shows how language is grasped prepredicatively as a linguistic form of knowing-how. Having considered the link between rule-following and customs or institutions – activities lacking the rational transparency of paradigmatically intellectual activities – it takes Wittgenstein’s discussions of the limits of justification, which imply that justification is grounded in a stratum of language-games preceding justification, as a model in to develop an account of prepredicative language use. Second, it shows how Wittgenstein’s views complement Merleau-Ponty’s and Heidegger’s in filling out the Heideggerian framework, before summarizing how the resultant phenomenological conception of language defines language’s role in world disclosure by combining a general picture of language as language-in-the-world with a specific view of linguistic signs’ disclosive function, as instruments characterized by both presentational and pragmatic sense.

Keywords:   Wittgenstein, rule-following, language-games, limits of justification, prepredicative, knowing-how, Merleau-Ponty, Heideggerian framework, world disclosure, disclosive function

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