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Between Preservation and ExploitationTransnational Advocacy Networks and Conservation in Developing Countries$
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Kemi Fuentes-George

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034289

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034289.001.0001

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Institutions and Regime Design

Institutions and Regime Design

(p.165) 5 Institutions and Regime Design
Between Preservation and Exploitation

Kemi Fuentes-George

The MIT Press

Chapter Five links these descriptions of local contestations over biodiversity governance to the study of international relations. In each case, a constellation of different treaties and institutions had rules that overlapped with the CBD and each other governing the management of protected areas. These overlapping rules and institutions gives rise to a condition described as “regime complexity.” As states try to govern issue areas that are affected by more, occasionally conflicting, and non-hierarchically ordered institutions, their obligations will become more ambiguous. Non-state actors can help shape the ambiguity emerging from regime complexity by helping states adjudicate possibly conflicting rules and resolving questions about what constitutes appropriate action under uncertainty. This chapter links a comparative study of activism and environmental justice to constructivist schools of thought that claim that ideas about appropriate behavior matter.

Keywords:   Regime complexity, Institutions, Constructivist, Biodiversity governance, Environmental justice, Treaties, Protected areas

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