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Ecuador's Environmental RevolutionsEcoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters$
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Tammy L. Lewis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034296

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034296.001.0001

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Key Players and Conflicting Goals in the Development Trajectory

Key Players and Conflicting Goals in the Development Trajectory

(p.1) 1 Key Players and Conflicting Goals in the Development Trajectory
Ecuador's Environmental Revolutions

Tammy L. Lewis

The MIT Press

Chapter one opens with a contemporary dilemma in Ecuador: with the help of the “international community” will the nation complete the Yasuní-ITT Initiative, which would keep its “oil in the soil” to protect its biodiversity, indigenous tribes, and limit greenhouse gasses, or will it drill for petroleum and use the proceeds to further the social and economic development of its people? Through this example, the rest of the chapter develops the central concern of the book: how can states and civil society work within the constraints of the global economic structure to develop sustainably? Three possible futures for development are laid out: sustainable development, extractive development, and alternatives to development. The theoretical underpinning of the book, the treadmill of production theory, is explained with regard to the key players in the narrative: the state, nongovernmental organizations, social movement activists, and transnational organizations. The chapter concludes with an overview of the argument and the book.

Keywords:   Ecuador, Biodiversity, Indigenous tribes, Yasuní-ITT Initiative, Petroleum, Treadmill of production, Civil society, Sustainable development, Extractive development, Alternatives to development

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