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Ecuador's Environmental RevolutionsEcoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters$
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Tammy L. Lewis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034296

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034296.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 07 March 2021

The Ecuadorian Context

The Ecuadorian Context

Chapter:
(p.21) 2 The Ecuadorian Context
Source:
Ecuador's Environmental Revolutions
Author(s):

Tammy L. Lewis

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034296.003.0002

This chapter provides an overview of Ecuador socioeconomically, politically, geographically, and environmentally within the global context from the 1970s through 2015. It emphasizes Ecuador’s similarities and differences with regard to other Latin American countries. The discussion examines Ecuador’s unique biodiversity and petroleum in some depth, as they are two of its natural resources that link the country to the international financial community via aid relationships and exports, respectively. This chapter also lays out some key events in Ecuador’s history that are used to delineate four periods for a comparative analysis. The periods include the origins of the environmental movement (1978-1987), the neoliberal boom (1987-2000), neoliberal bust (2000-2006) and the citizens’ revolution (2006-2015). In the following chapters, the relationship among transnational funding for the environment, the Ecuadorian environmental movement, the state, and environmental and development policies are examined.

Keywords:   Ecuador, Socioeconomics, Politics, Geography, Environment, Biodiversity, Petroleum, Neoliberalism, Citizens’ Revolution

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