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Ecuador's Environmental RevolutionsEcoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters$
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Tammy L. Lewis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034296

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034296.001.0001

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The Ecuadorian Context

The Ecuadorian Context

(p.21) 2 The Ecuadorian Context
Ecuador's Environmental Revolutions

Tammy L. Lewis

The MIT Press

This chapter provides an overview of Ecuador socioeconomically, politically, geographically, and environmentally within the global context from the 1970s through 2015. It emphasizes Ecuador’s similarities and differences with regard to other Latin American countries. The discussion examines Ecuador’s unique biodiversity and petroleum in some depth, as they are two of its natural resources that link the country to the international financial community via aid relationships and exports, respectively. This chapter also lays out some key events in Ecuador’s history that are used to delineate four periods for a comparative analysis. The periods include the origins of the environmental movement (1978-1987), the neoliberal boom (1987-2000), neoliberal bust (2000-2006) and the citizens’ revolution (2006-2015). In the following chapters, the relationship among transnational funding for the environment, the Ecuadorian environmental movement, the state, and environmental and development policies are examined.

Keywords:   Ecuador, Socioeconomics, Politics, Geography, Environment, Biodiversity, Petroleum, Neoliberalism, Citizens’ Revolution

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