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Ecuador's Environmental RevolutionsEcoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters$
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Tammy L. Lewis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034296

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034296.001.0001

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Ideal Types of Environmentalism

Ideal Types of Environmentalism

(p.43) 3 Ideal Types of Environmentalism
Ecuador's Environmental Revolutions

Tammy L. Lewis

The MIT Press

This chapter presents a typology of environmentalisms in Ecuador, with a focus on environmental organizations using Weber’s conception of ideal types. Using ideal types enables the analysis to transcend historical particularities to understand general patterns, trends, and relationships among environmental organizations beyond Ecuador. Four ideal types are delineated: ecoimperialists, ecodependents, ecoresisters, and ecoentrepreneur organizations. The primary sorting mechanism for groups is their funding source. Second level sorting focuses on their level of organization (transnational, national, regional, or local), their main agenda, types of projects, relationship to the state, public’s view of them, and their position on the trajectory of development. The characterization of environmental organizations is deductive–drawing on Lewis’ 2007 survey of organizations (Ecuadorian Environmental Organization Survey) and interviews with activists, and inductive–drawing on the work of sociologists and historians who have created classifications of environmentalisms.

Keywords:   Ecuador, Ideal types, Environmentalism, Environmental organizations, Ecoimperialists, Ecodependents, Ecoresisters, Ecoentrepreneurs, Survey

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