Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Ecuador's Environmental RevolutionsEcoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Tammy L. Lewis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034296

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034296.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 22 May 2022

Neoliberal Boom, 1987 to 2000

Neoliberal Boom, 1987 to 2000

The Rise of Ecodependence

(p.77) 5 Neoliberal Boom, 1987 to 2000
Ecuador's Environmental Revolutions

Tammy L. Lewis

The MIT Press

This chapter examines international and national forces that shaped Ecuador’s environmentalism during the height of neoliberalism. It looks at how the international environmental discourse of “sustainable development” interfaced with the international economic hegemony of neoliberalism. During the boom years, international, national and local concerns coalesced to create growth in the environmental movement sector in terms of both the number and types of organizations. Ecoimperialist organizations used their transnational funding to grow ecodependent organizations (NGOization), which altered their structures to become more professional and to conserve important habitats. The negative impact of the ecoimperialist funding was that the local ecodependent organizations’ agendas were channelled by foreign forces and competition among Ecuadorian groups for funding weakened solidarity within the national movement, preventing a collective approach that would be critical of the extractive development trajectory. Nevertheless, ecoimperialists and ecodependents forged an alliance to fill the void left by the state, weakened by its own decisions and by international economic actors. The state took some token steps toward sustainable development, but overall, neoliberalism ruled the day and Ecuador resorted to natural resource extractive development. Under the radar, grassroots movements led by indigenous groups and ecoresisters generated alternative possibilities for the nation’s future development.

Keywords:   Ecuador, Neoliberalism, Sustainable development, Ecoimperialist, Ecodependent, NGOization, Extractive development, Indigenous, Ecoresisters

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.