Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Ecuador's Environmental RevolutionsEcoimperialists, Ecodependents, and Ecoresisters$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Tammy L. Lewis

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034296

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034296.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 27 May 2022

Organizational Bust, 2000 to 2006

Organizational Bust, 2000 to 2006

Opportunities for Ecoresisters and Ecoalternatives

(p.117) 6 Organizational Bust, 2000 to 2006
Ecuador's Environmental Revolutions

Tammy L. Lewis

The MIT Press

This chapter analyses the decline in transnational funding that began around 2000 and the consequent shrinking of the mainstream segments of the environmental sector (ecodependents). Grassroot and radical activists (ecoresisters), who had long been an overshadowed aspect of the movement, came to the fore. While these activists and their groups existed almost since the beginning of Ecuador’s environmental mobilizations, the decline of international support from ecoimperialists that caused the decline of ecodependents’ strength, coupled with a crisis of the state, created an opening for ecoresisters. Ecoresisters were independent of transnational funding and autonomous in their agenda setting. They had the capacity to set their own terms and resist the dominant environmental and development agendas. They had a radical critique of the extractive development model and they presented alternative visions for the future that were more aligned with ecology. Coupled with indigenous movements, they pressed for alternatives to development: buen vivir/sumak kawsay: “living well.” Ties are made to the literature on dependency and world polity. A fourth type of environmental group is explained and illustrated: ecoentrepreneur organizations, groups that are relatively independent from international funding structures and represent another alternative for organizing sustainably.

Keywords:   Ecuador, Ecodependents, Ecoresisters, Ecoimperialists, Extractive development, Buen vivir, Sumak kawsay, Dependency, World polity, Ecoentrepreneur

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.