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The Pragmatic TurnToward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science$
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Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston, and Danica Kragic

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034326

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.001.0001

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Pragmatism and the Pragmatic Turn in Cognitive Science

Pragmatism and the Pragmatic Turn in Cognitive Science

Chapter:
(p.215) 13 Pragmatism and the Pragmatic Turn in Cognitive Science
Source:
The Pragmatic Turn
Author(s):

Richard Menary

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.003.0013

This chapter examines the pragmatist approach to cognition and experience and provides some of the conceptual background to the “pragmatic turn” currently underway in cognitive science. Classical pragmatists wrote extensively on cognition from a naturalistic perspective, and many of their views are compatible with contemporary pragmatist approaches such as enactivist, extended, and embodied-Bayesian approaches to cognition. Three principles of a pragmatic approach to cognition frame the discussion: First, thinking is structured by the interaction of an organism with its environment. Second, cognition develops via exploratory inference, which remains a core cognitive ability throughout the life cycle. Finally, inquiry/problem solving begins with genuinely irritating doubts that arise in a situation and is carried out by exploratory inference.

Keywords:   Strüngmann Forum Reports, cognitive integration framework, enactive cognition, neural plasticity, pragmatism

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