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The Pragmatic TurnToward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science$
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Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston, and Danica Kragic

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034326

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.001.0001

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Ways of Action Science

Ways of Action Science

(p.297) 17 Ways of Action Science
The Pragmatic Turn

Wolfgang Prinz

The MIT Press

This chapter argues that an action-oriented view of cognition is nice to have, but not enough. The study of cognition most certainly needs to be extended to include action. However, the study of action requires more than simply understanding its cognitive foundations. This chapter discusses two functional features of action that a cognitive approach fails to capture: top-down control and action alignment. Top-down control operates within individuals and requires a framework that addresses the formation of motives, goals, and intentions as precursors of action selection and execution. Action alignment operates between individuals, necessitating a framework that addresses the common representational basis of perception and production. To accommodate these features we need to proceed from including action in cognitive science to including cognition in action science.

Keywords:   Strüngmann Forum Reports, action alignment, common coding theory, precursors of action science – motives, goals, and intentions, social mirroring, top-down control

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