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The Pragmatic TurnToward Action-Oriented Views in Cognitive Science$
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Andreas K. Engel, Karl J. Friston, and Danica Kragic

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034326

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: September 2016

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.001.0001

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Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science

Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science

Chapter:
(p.333) 20 Implications of Action-Oriented Paradigm Shifts in Cognitive Science
Source:
The Pragmatic Turn
Author(s):

Peter F. Dominey

Tony J. Prescott

Jeannette Bohg

Andreas K. Engel

Shaun Gallagher

Tobias Heed

Matej Hoffmann

Günther Knoblich

Wolfgang Prinz

Andrew Schwartz

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034326.003.0020

An action-oriented perspective changes the role of an individual from a passive observer to an actively engaged agent interacting in a closed loop with the world as well as with others. Cognition exists to serve action within a landscape that contains both. This chapter surveys this landscape and addresses the status of the pragmatic turn. Its potential influence on science and the study of cognition are considered (including perception, social cognition, social interaction, sensorimotor entrainment, and language acquisition) and its impact on how neuroscience is studied is also investigated. A review of its implications in robotics and engineering includes a discussion of the application of enactive control principals to couple action and perception in robotics as well as the conceptualization of system design in a more holistic, less modular manner. Practical applications that can impact the human condition are reviewed. All of this foreshadows the potential societal implications of the pragmatic turn. The chapter concludes that an action-oriented approach emphasizes a continuum of interaction between technical aspects of cognitive systems and robotics, biology, psychology, the social sciences, and the humanities, where the individual is part of a grounded cultural system.

Keywords:   Strüngmann Forum Reports, embodied cognition, enactive cognition, language acquisition, perception, sensorimotor contingency theory, social cognition

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