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Contiguity Theory$
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Norvin Richards

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034425

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: January 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034425.001.0001

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Probe-Goal Contiguity

Probe-Goal Contiguity

(p.117) 4 Probe-Goal Contiguity
Contiguity Theory

Norvin Richards

The MIT Press

The chapter generalizes the condition on wh-questions introduced in chapter 3 to relations between Probes and Goals more generally. Generalizing a result from the previous chapter, it is shown that in a given language, depending on the position of prosodic phenomena in the prosodic phrases of that language, Probes must be adjacent either to preceding Goals or to following Goals. A number of adjacency effects follow: English verbs and objects, Irish verbs and subjects, English and Danish T moved to C and subjects, for example. Instances of derivational opacity demonstrate that Contiguity for one probe need not be respected by another probe affecting the same Goal; it is argued that Contiguity relations are ‘forgotten’ at the phase level. A condition of Multitasking, which requires a head to satisfy its requirements with as few operations as possible, is introduced: it is used to account for the fact that V2 languages generally have overt wh-movement, and for the fact that EPP in SOV languages like Japanese, unlike in English, may be satisfied with any phrase (and hence, SOV languages generally have scrambling).

Keywords:   adjacency, English, Danish, Irish, Japanese, scrambling, Multitasking, verb-second, V2

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