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The Economics of Language Policy$
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Michele Gazzola and Bengt-Arne Wickström

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034708

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.001.0001

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Does Foreign Language Proficiency Foster Migration of Young Individuals within the European Union?

Does Foreign Language Proficiency Foster Migration of Young Individuals within the European Union?

Chapter:
(p.331) 10 Does Foreign Language Proficiency Foster Migration of Young Individuals within the European Union?
Source:
The Economics of Language Policy
Author(s):

Ainhoa Aparicio-Fenoll

Zoë Kuehn

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.003.0011

Speaking the language of the host country eases migrants’ integration and tends to boost their economic success in the country of destination. However, the decision to acquire language skills may in itself be determined by the intention to migrate. In addition, conditional on being a migrant, the relation between language skills and migrants’ integration and economic success goes both ways. Using data on the study of foreign languages during compulsory education in European countries, we test whether and how much language proficiency determines migration flows across Europe. The European Union with basically unlimited labor mobility and pronounced differences in youth unemployment rates provides an ideal testing ground for our hypothesis. We find that speaking the language of a country increases the likelihood to migrate to that country almost fivefold.

Keywords:   Migration, Language proficiency, Return to skills, Education

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