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The Economics of Language Policy$
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Michele Gazzola and Bengt-Arne Wickström

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034708

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.001.0001

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Cultural Integration and Export Variety Overlap across Countries

Cultural Integration and Export Variety Overlap across Countries

Chapter:
(p.357) 11 Cultural Integration and Export Variety Overlap across Countries
Source:
The Economics of Language Policy
Author(s):

Peter H. Egger

Andrea Lassmann

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034708.003.0012

This chapter assesses the role of a larger degree of common language use between the populations of two countries on the so-called extensive product margin of trade. We focus on the overlap of products exported or imported between any pair of countries. The results suggest that the effect of varying aspects of sharing a common language on the variety overlap is both positive and important. The effect of sharing a common spoken language exceeds the one of common native language, implying that a larger overlap in language proficiency is quantitatively more important than a higher cultural proximity.

Keywords:   Common language use, Overlap in language proficiency, Extensive Product margin of trade

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