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Reclaiming the Atmospheric CommonsThe Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative and a New Model of Emissions Trading$
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Leigh Raymond

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034746

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034746.001.0001

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Other Applications of the Public Benefit Model and Normative Reframing

Other Applications of the Public Benefit Model and Normative Reframing

(p.121) 5 Other Applications of the Public Benefit Model and Normative Reframing
Reclaiming the Atmospheric Commons

Leigh Raymond

The MIT Press

After RGGI’s implementation in 2008, a series of political set backs led some to declare cap and trade “dead.” This chapter rejects the asserted demise of cap and trade, arguing that the public benefit model for climate policies offers the best hope for political progress. The chapter reviews post-2008 climate policies, noting thatdespite a few prominent failures,cap and trade with auction has become the most common approach to addressing climate change. In addition, the chapter documents how three policies—the EU ETS, California’s cap and trade program, and RGGI—used the public benefit frame to resist political challenges and strengthen their emissions goals. The chapter then describes additional potential applications for the public benefit model, including carbon tax policies and the new Clean Power Plan regulations promulgated by the U.S. EPA in 2015. As uses of the public benefit frame expand, the chapter notes, a key question for the future will be what types of policy designs will be perceived as “fitting” with the norms that constitute the frame. Finally, the chapter discusses how normative framing could improve the ability to understand and predict other sudden policy changes beyond the topic of climate change.

Keywords:   Cap and trade, Waxman-Markey, Carbon Pollution Reduction Scheme (Australia), AB 32, EU ETS, Public Trust Doctrine, Auction Design, Clean Power Plan, Norms, Policy theory

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