In public health terms, primary climate change prevention means reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and secondary prevention refers to adaptation to climate change. Renewable energy sources depending on the sun, wind, and water power must replace the use of fossil fuels. The IPCC has identified heat, undernutrition, and food and water-borne illnesses as the health domains at greatest risk on a warming world. These are also the domains where the greatest opportunities for the effects of mitigation and adaptation exist. Planning for the future and allocating appropriate resources are critical for success. Compare Florida, where the governor banned the term climate change and plans for the future are often aspirational, to the Netherlands where massive public works projects protect the Dutch from the sea. Education, research, and political will must be guided by evidence-based decision-making if future generations are to enjoy good health on a hospitable planet.
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