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Heat AdvisoryProtecting Health on a Warming Planet$
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Alan H. Lockwood, M.D.

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034876

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.001.0001

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The Scientific Evidence for Climate Change

The Scientific Evidence for Climate Change

Chapter:
(p.13) 2 The Scientific Evidence for Climate Change
Source:
Heat Advisory
Author(s):

Alan H. Lockwood

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0002

The instrumental record shows steadily rising global surface temperatures as the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases increased during the industrial age. Numerous complementary scientific techniques have shown clearly that these increases are due to human activity, notably burning fossil fuels. The instrumental record is complemented by proxy measurements that reliably document the earth’s temperature and the atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide for hundreds of thousands, and in some cases, millions of years. Present conditions are unprecedented in those time frames. Without drastic reductions in the emission of carbon dioxide the worst is yet to come.

Keywords:   Carbon dioxide, Greenhouse gas, Paleoclimate record, Proxy measurements, Representative concentration pathways

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