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Heat AdvisoryProtecting Health on a Warming Planet$
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Alan H. Lockwood, M.D.

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262034876

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.001.0001

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Infectious Diseases

Infectious Diseases

Chapter:
(p.57) 4 Infectious Diseases
Source:
Heat Advisory
Author(s):

Alan H. Lockwood

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262034876.003.0004

A warmer climate will exert multiple and diverse effects on ecological systems. Climate change will affect disease vectors, especially mosquitoes, and disease-causing organisms, such as the protozoa that cause malaria, bacteria, and viruses. Malaria will spread to higher latitudes and altitudes. Without mitigation and adaptation to climate change half of the world’s population is likely to be at risk for contracting dengue before 2100. Lyme disease is already spreading. Hantavirus infections, which may have a 40% mortality, are likely to hospitalize as many as 200,000 individuals annually according the most recent IPCC report. Water-borne illnesses, particularly cholera, are likely to follow in the wake of tropical storms, as was the case in post-earthquake Haiti where a severe outbreak followed flooding due to Hurricane Tomas. Understanding disease ecology will become increasingly important.

Keywords:   Malaria, Dengue, Lyme disease, Hantavirus, Cholera, Disease ecology

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