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Actual Causality$
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Joseph Y. Halpern

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035026

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035026.001.0001

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Graded Causation and Normality

Graded Causation and Normality

(p.77) Chapter 3 Graded Causation and Normality
Actual Causality

Joseph Y. Halpern

The MIT Press

Recent work in psychology and experimental philosophy has shown that judgments of actual causation are often influenced by consideration of defaults, typicality, and normality. This chapter shows the definition of causality introduced in Chapter 2 can be extended to defaults, typicality, and normality into account. The resulting framework takes actual causation to be both graded and comparative. Thus, it allows us to say that one cause is better than another. Examples showing the power of the approach are considered.

Keywords:   Defaults, Normality, Extended causal models, Graded causation

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