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Actual Causality$
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Joseph Y. Halpern

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035026

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035026.001.0001

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The Art of Causal Modeling

The Art of Causal Modeling

(p.107) Chapter 4 The Art of Causal Modeling
Actual Causality

Joseph Y. Halpern

The MIT Press

According to the definition of causality considered in the previous two chapters, whether A is a cause of B depends on the model used. A can be the cause of B in one model and not another. This chapter considers how a “good” model should be constructed. Factors considered include the choice of variables and their values, and the normality ordering chosen. Of particular interest is the extent to which the question of whether A is a cause of B remains stable as more variables are added to the model in a conservative way, that is, without changing the relationships between variables already in the model.

Keywords:   Conservative extensions, Stability of causality, Independence of variables

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