Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Actual Causality$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Joseph Y. Halpern

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035026

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035026.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM MIT PRESS SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.mitpress.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright The MIT Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in MITSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

Responsibility and Blame

Responsibility and Blame

(p.169) Chapter 6 Responsibility and Blame
Actual Causality

Joseph Y. Halpern

The MIT Press

Up to this point in the book, causality has been treated as an all-or-nothing concept; either A is a cause of B or it is not. In this chapter, the definition is extended to take into account the degree of responsibility of A for B. For example, if someone wins an election 11--0, then each person who votes for him is less responsible for the victory than if he had won 6--5. A notion of degree of blame, which takes into account an agent's epistemic state, is then defined. Roughly speaking, the degree of blame of A for B is the expected degree of responsibility of A for B, taken over the epistemic state of an agent. The relationship between the notions of responsibility and blame and the notion of graded causation defined in Chapter 3 using the notion of normality is then examined.

Keywords:   Causality, Responsibility, Blame, Normality

MIT Press Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.