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Fascist PigsTechnoscientific Organisms and the History of Fascism$
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Tiago Saraiva

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035033

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.001.0001

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Wheat: The Integral Nation, Genetics, and Salazar’s Corporatist Fascist State

Wheat: The Integral Nation, Genetics, and Salazar’s Corporatist Fascist State

Chapter:
(p.43) 2 Wheat: The Integral Nation, Genetics, and Salazar’s Corporatist Fascist State
Source:
Fascist Pigs
Author(s):

Tiago Saraiva

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.003.0003

This chapter follows the historical trajectory of Strampelli’s Ardito wheat into Portugal to participate in the Wheat Campaign of Salazar’s fascist regime. When examining the Portuguese case, the narrative explores how new standardized forms of wheat contributed to the development of all embracing corporatist state agencies, a critical subject in the new fascist social order: corporatism promised a society built on organic units and “economic solidarities” in contrast to the alleged artificiality of liberal ideology based on individuals as well as to the Bolshevik obsession with social classes. The technoscientific organisms produced at the National Agricultural Experiment Station (EAN) led by the geneticist António Sousa da Câmara, the executive head of the Wheat Campaign, promised to sustain the futurism of the past announced by the propaganda of the Portuguese corporatist New State.

Keywords:   Wheat Campaign, Plant Genetics, Sousa da Câmara, Portugal’s New State, Salazar, Pequito Rebelo, Organic Nationalism, Estacao Agronomica Nacional (EAN), Corporativism

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