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Fascist PigsTechnoscientific Organisms and the History of Fascism$
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Tiago Saraiva

Print publication date: 2016

Print ISBN-13: 9780262035033

Published to MIT Press Scholarship Online: May 2017

DOI: 10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.001.0001

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Pigs: The Bodenständig Scientific Community in Nazi Germany

Pigs: The Bodenständig Scientific Community in Nazi Germany

Chapter:
(p.101) 4 Pigs: The Bodenständig Scientific Community in Nazi Germany
Source:
Fascist Pigs
Author(s):

Tiago Saraiva

Publisher:
The MIT Press
DOI:10.7551/mitpress/9780262035033.003.0005

Chapter four explores the development by academic animal breeders of performance tests enabling the transformation of pigs into organisms embodying fascism. Standards developed at the University of Halle by Gustav Frölich and at Gottingen by Jonas Schmidt assured that pigs were fat and rooted in the soil (bodenständig) contributing to the institutionalization of the Nazi regime: Germans were now feeding their animals produce of the national soil, making the country more resilient in case of war, and following the standards imposed by a new bureaucratic structure. Contrary to many historical references of animals and humans in Nazi times, pigs were not just metaphors calling for comparisons between the way they were bred and the Nazi breeding of humans. It was the particular way they were bred, making them bodenständig,which formed the new ties weaving the German Volk. The animals scientists designed were intended to perform the transition of German society into a national community, embodying Nazi alternative modernity.

Keywords:   Pigs, Animal breeding, University of Halle, Gustav Frölich, Richard Walther Darré, Jonas Schmidt, Rootedness in the Soil (Bodenständigkeit), Animal Performance Tests

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